Scholar in Residence Program
part of the center’s mission is to increase student exposure to leading
academics and practitioners in the field of conflict resolution. While the
center’s Lecture Series provides brief and intense exposure it is the Scholar in
Residence program that provides the most intimate exchange between faculty and
practitioners from outside the university. Scholars in residence have the
opportunity to lecture,
The center has had
three Scholars in Residence. One is an academic and two practitioners.
Scholar in Residence
Arun Gandhi, is the
Conflict Analysis Dispute Resolution scholar in residence at Salisbury
University during the fall 2007 and the spring of 2008.
Gandhi's residency is
being sponsored by the Center for Conflict Resolution, that was made possible by
the prestigious Elkins Professorship that was awarded to Dr. Brian Polkinghorn,
executive director of the Center and distinguished professor in the Conflict
Analysis Dispute Resolution program.
During his time as a
scholar in residence he completed a series of seminars in on the principals of
non-violence and leadership as taught by Gandhi's grandfather. The seminar
was conducted for over 75 students, staff and community members. This
series of seminars was capped off with a lecture that was open to the general
public on the subject of "Nonviolence in the Age of Terrorism."
Arun Gandhi BIO:
Born in 1934 in Durban,
South Africa, Arun is the fifth grandson of India’s legendary leader, Mohandas
K. “Mahatma” Gandhi.
Growing up under the
discriminatory apartheid laws of South Africa, he was beaten by “white” South
Africans for being too black and “black” South Africans for being too white; so,
Arun sought eye-for-an-eye justice. However, he learned from his parents and
grandparents that justice does not mean revenge, it means transforming the
opponent through love and suffering.
Grandfather taught Arun to
understand nonviolence through understanding violence. “If we know how much
passive violence we perpetrate against one another we will understand why there
is so much physical violence plaguing societies and the world,” Gandhi said.
Through daily lessons, Arun says, he learned about violence and about anger.
Arun shares these lessons
all around the world. For the past five years, he has participated in the
Renaissance Weekend deliberations with President Clinton and other
well-respected Rhodes Scholars. This year, some of his engagements included
speaking at the Chicago Children’s Museum and the Women’s Justice Center in Ann
Arbor, Michigan. He also delivered talks at the Young President’s Organization
in Mexico, the Trade Union Leaders’ Meeting in Milan, Italy, as well as the
Peace and Justice Center in St. Louis, Missouri. Sometimes, his journeys take
him even further. Arun has spoken in Croatia, France, Ireland, Holland,
Lithuania, Nicaragua, China, and Japan. Also, he is a very popular speaker on
college campuses. In the past year, he spoke at the University of Rochester,
North Dakota State University, Concordia College, Baker University, Morehouse
College, Marquette University, and the University of San Diego.
Arun is very involved in
social programs and writing as well. Shortly after Arun married his wife Sunanda,
they were informed the South African government would not allow her to accompany
him there. Sunanda and Arun decided to live in India, and Arun worked for 30
years as a journalist for The Times of India. Together, Arun and Sunanda started
projects for the social and economic upliftment of the oppressed using
constructive programs, the backbone of Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolence. The
programs changed the lives of more than half a million people in over 300
villages and they still continue to grow. Arun is the author of several books.
The first, A Patch of White (1949), is about life in prejudiced South Africa;
then, he wrote two books on poverty and politics in India; followed by a
compilation of M.K. Gandhi's Wit & Wisdom. He also edited a book of essays on
World Without Violence: Can Gandhi’s Vision Become Reality? And, more recently,
wrote The Forgotten Woman: The Untold Story of Kastur, the Wife of Mahatma
Gandhi, jointly with Sunanda.
Scholar in Residence
John A. Wagner, MS is a
professional mediator and conflict managing consultant with over thirty years of
experience. His career began in 1968, in Labor Relations and Human Resources,
before joining the Federal Mediation & Conciliation Service, (FMCS) in 1973. He
served in a number of administrative and managerial positions with the FMCS
while continuing to mediate private, public and federal sector collective
bargaining disputes, equal employment opportunity complaints, as well as
facilitating regulatory negotiations. He has trained and lectured to a wide
variety of audiences, both domestic and international, including the University
of Moscow, and instructed for George Mason University at the Organization of
Mr. Wagner offers a wide variety of
conflict managing services which includes consultation, systems design,
training, mediation/facilitation, arbitration and evaluation. He has evaluated,
assessed and designed conflict managing systems for both public and private
institutions, most notably: the Environmental Protection Agency. Bureau of
National Affairs, the Federal Elections Commission, the Peace Corps.
Immigration and Naturalization Service, and National Aeronautical and Space
Administration. He assisted in the design, training, intake and delivery of
alternative dispute resolution services for both internal and external
complaints procedures at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Mr.
Wagner has lectured extensively on the design and implementation of conflict
management processes. Since 1994, he has been a featured presenter at the Annual
Federal Dispute Resolution Conference.
His international work has been devoted to
consultation, facilitation, training and dispute systems design in Europe,
Canada, Indonesia, the Caribbean and Latin America. He has served on the
Board of the Institute for Conflict Analysis & Resolution at George Mason
University since 1995, and chaired the Arlington Catholic Diocese Fact Finding
Panel. His publications include “Court Busters”, Government Executive, (October,
1995); and Mediation Training Manual, 2nd ed. (Washington, D.C.: FMCS,
1997). Mr. Wagner received his B.S. in Political Science from, St. Peter’s
College and a M.S. in Conflict Management from George Mason University.
Scholar in Residence
Thomas E. Boudreau, Ph.D.
has, over the last twenty years, lived and taught in Europe and the United
of specialization is in International Relations and Conflict Resolution having
earned his masters and doctoral through the Maxwell School of Citizenship,
Syracuse University. He also holds a BS in Philosophy from Boston
University (Summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa).
years he was an Instructor of Peace Studies in the World Issues Program, School
for International Training where he taught numerous course in Peace Studies.
years he was the Project Director for the Crisis Management Project at the
Carnegie Council in Religion and International Affairs in New York where he was
responsible for all facets of the project including budget, research and
publications. From this he conducted his dissertation research in the
Executive Office of the United Nations Secretary General. His subsequently
published a highly regarded book on the topic entitled “Sheathing the Sword: The
U.N. Secretary-General and the Prevention of International Conflict.”
next two years Tom was a Visiting Professor at the Irish Peace Institute,
University of Limerick, Ireland where organized the management and training of
non-profit peace groups in Northern Ireland, organized and planned the first
joint peace studies Masters degree program between the University of Limerick
and the University of Ulster. He also helped to organize the “peace and
Global Communications Conference” with the Shannon Development Group that
included Ted Turner (CNN), Daniel Deudney (Princeton University) and Bob Geldoff
return the United States he was a Professor of Peace
Studies at St. John's University, St. Joseph, Minnesota where he was
instrumental in the development of their undergraduate Peace Studies program.
followed by a five year stint as a Research Fellow at the Institute for Resource
and Security, Cambridge MA, where he conducted research on the Non-Proliferation
treaty, published the Institute’s Delegate Handbook and where with Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin’s office in strategic planning. He also worked with the
Bosnian Government’s Mission to the United Nations (1992-1995).
years he was a visiting Professor in the Political Science Department, Maxwell
School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University and one year as a
Visiting Professor in the Government Department at the University of
Pennsylvania. Then for five years he was a Professor of Conflict
Resolution in the Department of Conflict Analysis and Resolution, Nova
Southeastern University where he worked with Brian Polkinghorn in developing
doctoral curriculum and specific programs.
Currently, he is Visiting Assistant Professor in the International Peace and
Conflict Resolution Program, School for International Service, at American
the author of numerous books and articles that have had a major impact on the
Universitas: The Social Restructuring of
American Undergraduate Education
Sheathing the Sword: The U.N.
Secretary-General and the Prevention of International Conflict, Vol. 273
. (Westport: Greenwood) ISBN:
“Protecting the Innocent.” Carnegie Council on Religion and International
Affairs. New York, N.Y. (1981).
"Buying Time in a Crisis."
Worldview, November 1983.
"Satellite Diplomacy and the Secretary-General." Carnegie Council on Religion
and International Affairs. New York, N.Y. (1984).
"Building Human Cooperation Through Peace Studies." Gandhi Marg, New
Delhi, India. January-March. (1990).
“Interdisciplinary Studies and Higher Education.” The Maxwell Review,
Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York. (1993).
“Jus Gentium or The Law of Nations: New Paradigm for International Legal
Order?" International Law Society Bulletin, Syracuse University College
of Law, Syracuse, New York. (1994).
“Conflict Reduction Through Identity Affirmation: Transforming the Enemy or
Ethnic ‘Other.” Peace and Conflict Studies, Spring 2003. (The
research and writing of this article occurred while a Scholar in Residence at
the Center for Conflict Resolution at Salisbury University.)